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Austral Indigo

Indigofera australis
A small to medium shrub to 2 metres found in forests on clay soils. In cultivation, Indigofera australis is hardy plant in full sun or (preferably) semi shade, and will tolerate most soil types. Drought tolerant once established. More information on Australian Indigo at Wikipedia.


Ball Honey-myrtle

Melaleuca nodosa
A hardy shrub to 6m found commonly on marshy ground in forests on both sandstone and clay soils. In cultivation it has proven to be adaptable over a wide range of climates and will tolerate less than perfect drainage, but prefers good drainage with assured moisture. Flowering is best in sunny positions but the species will tolerate shade with reduced flowering. Annual light pruning is recommended to encourage a bushy shape. Propagation is easy from seed. More information on Ball Honey-myrtle at Plantnet.


Berry Saltbush

Einadia hastata
Small shrub to 60cm high found in open forest on clay soils, occasionally found in gullies and rainforest . Produces tiny flowers during winter followed by red, fleshy fruits that provide a good food source for birds. In cultivation, Einadia hastata is a wide, dome-shaped shrub that grows well in most conditions but prefers shaded areas. An excellent ground cover with dense, weed-suppressing, attractive foliage. Propagates readily from cuttings. More information on Berry Saltbush at Plantnet.



Bursaria spinosa
An erect, prickly shrub to 4m, common on clay and sandstone soils. Flowers are usually seen in mid summer, followed by flattened, purse-shaped seed capsules. Dense prickly branches provide protection for smaller birds against predators. The flowers are an important source of nectar for butterflies. In cultivation it is a hardy species which prefers a sunny or lightly shaded situation in most reasonably drained soils. Plants can become 'leggy' and annual pruning is desirable to promote a more bushy habit. More information on Blackthorn at Plantnet.


Broad-leaf Wedge-pea

Gompholobium latifolium
Erect shrub to 2m, common in heath and woodland on sandy soils. Has very large flowers in comparison to other pea-flower plants. More information on Broad-leaf Wedge-pea at Plantnet.


Bushy Needlebush

Hakea sericea
A prickly shrub to 4 metres, found in heath and woodland on sandstone and clay. Leaves are linear, narrow, dark green with a sharp point. Flowers are white, perfumed and often profuse. The flowering period extends from July to November. Blooms are followed by large, woody fruits that are held on the plant for many years. The prickly foliage provides safe nesting sites for small native birds. A clump of three or five individuals planted close together would be a useful addition to a bird-friendly garden. More information on Bushy Needlebush at Australian National Botanic Gardens.

coast rosemary

Coast Rosemary

Westringia fruticose
A very hardy, fast growing and long lived plant species, common on coastal cliffs and headlands. Will grow in full sun or part shade in most soil conditions. Forms a regular dome shape with its lower branches covering the ground. Flowers throughout most of the year but mainly spring to summer. Small (2cm) lightly scented white to palest mauve flowers with reddish & yellow brown spots near the throat. Flowers are conspicuous against the green/grey foliage most of the year, particularly in November. The underside of leaves has a silvery tint. More information on Coast Rosemary at Australian National Botanic Gardens.


Crimson Bottlebrush

Callistemon citrinus
A medium shrub to 2m found in swampy heathland on sandstone soils. In cultivation, it is adaptable to a wide range of soils and climate and may be pruned severely if necessary. Can tolerate less than perfect drainage but usually perform best with reasonable drainage and regular availability of water. More information on Crimson Bottlebrush at Australian National Botanic Gardens.


Dagger Hakea

Hakea teretifolia
Medium shrub to 3 metres with prickly foliage, common in heath on sandstone soils. The leaves are up to five centimetres long with sharp needle-like points. In spring and summer the branches become covered in clusters of white flowers. Unusual dagger-shaped fruits follow the flowers. Each fruit contains two winged seeds. In cultivation this plant would be at home in a prickly hedge or screen in large gardens and provides good bird habitat. Will thrive in well-drained sites but will tolerate poor drainage and is considered to be a very hardy species. More information on Dagger Hakea at Wikipedia.


Everlasting Daisy

Ozothamnus diosmifolius
A dense shrub to 2.5 metres common in woodland on sandstone and clay soils. The linear leaves are short and aromatic. In spring and summer most branches are crowned with dense heads of white or pink flowers. The buds are similar in shape and appearance to grains of rice. In cultivation Ozothamnus diosmifolius is a very hardy shrub that will grow in sunny or shady situations in any soil type. Prune after flowering to keep plants dense and bushy. More information on Everlasting Daisy at Australian Native Plant Society.


Flax-leaved Wattle

Acacia linifolia
An open, graceful shrub 2m to 4m in height. Common in heath and woodland on both sandstone and clay soils. An attractive shrub with soft, fine foliage along slightly weeping branches. The flower heads are cream, forming dense clusters at the ends of branches. Flowering time is normally from December to April, often with a second flowering season in winter. Generally adaptable in well drained positions in most soils. Will tolerate shade and is very hardy. More information on Flax-leaved Wattle at Plantnet.


Golden Spray

Viminaria juncea
En erect, leafless shrub common on wet ground in sandstone heathland. Initially growing vertically to 2-4 metres, this leafless species may then develop a weeping habit, or just lean untidily. It is extremely fast growing, reaching its maximum height within 2-3 seasons, but like many fast growing shrubs it is short lived and seldom exceeds 5 years of age. In spring the stems are lined with sprays of small yellow pea flowers. Does well in damp soils in full sun. More information on Golden Spray at Australian National Botanic Gardens.


Graceful Bush-pea

Pultenaea flexilis
Erect shrub to 4 metres found in dry, sheltered forest on sandstone. Produces abundant yellow and red pea-flowers in spring. An understorey shrub, Pultenaea flexilis prefers semi-shaded areas. In cultivation, this bird attracting plant grows well in most soil types. More information on Graceful Bush-pea at Plantnet.


Grey Spider-flower

Grevillea buxifolia
Shrub to 100-150cm high, common in heath and woodland. Leaves are dull green, about 2cm long x 7mm wide.  Basically insect pollinated, it is unlikely to attract native birds. Spring is the main flowering period. The flower heads are large and a distinctive grey colour. In cultivation, pruning will keep plants bushy and flowering for a long period. Prefers a well-drained position. Propagate from cuttings. More information on the Grey Spider-flower at Australian Native Plant Society.

Hairpin Bansksia

Hairpin Banksia

Banksia spinulosa 
A rounded shrub to 2m, common in sheltered sandstone woodland on moist soils. It has attractive large yellow to orange flower spikes growing to 18cm high that are enjoyed by native birds. The individual flowers open from the top of the spike and provide a long flowering period from autumn through the winter to spring when the three stages of cone development can be observed - bud, flower spike and seed capsule. The flower spikes can be soaked in water to make a sweet drink. In cultivation, it is most useful as a screen plant, and is at home in most well drained soils. Prefers full sun and makes an excellent feature plant. More information on Hairpin Banksia at Wikipedia.


Hairy Bush Pea

Pultenaea villosa
A graceful weeping shrub 1.5m high by 2m across. Found in woodland on dry clay soils. Flowering is from spring to summer and the flowers are bright yellow in colour. The plant performs best in an open position with sun for at least half a day. More information on Hairy Bush Pea at Australian Native Plant Society.


Hairy Clerodendrum

Clerodendrum tomentosum
Shrub 2-4m, found in moist gullies. Produces white tubular flowers in spring followed by red and black bird-attracting fruits. Pollination is by night-flying moths. Suits most soil types and will tolerate shady conditions. More information on Clerodendrum at Wikipedia.


Healthy Parrot Pea

Dillwynia retorta
Small shrub to 1m with spiky leaves, common in heath and woodland on sandy soils. Flowers from July to September. More information on Healthy Parrot Pea at Plantnet.


Heath Banksia

Banksia ericifolia
Variable shrub 2-5m in height, common in sandstone heath and woodlands. The spent flower spikes form woody seed bearing cones with the fruit remaining closed for an indefinite period. In cultivation this species has proven to be fairly adaptable and very hardy. Although it may successfully grow in wet areas, it prefers well drained soils and will grow in full sun or semi-shade conditions. More information on Heath Banksia at Wikipedia.


Heath Myrtle

Babingtonia pluriflora
Shrub 2 to 4 m tall found in moist areas in sandstone woodland. Small, narrow leaves and masses of white flowers produced spring through to summer. In cultivation this hardy species grows well in moist soils and will tolerate full sun or semi-shaded areas. When crushed the leaves will smell like Eucalyptus oil. More information on Heath Myrtle at Australian National Plant Society.


Hop Bush

Dodonaea triquetra
Hop Bush is a soft, erect shrub to 2-3 m. Common in forests on both clay and sandstone soils. It prefers a well drained, semi-shaded position. The fruit, which appears in spring and summer, is green with 3 wings. It was used in the early days of the colony as a substitute for hops in beer making. It was also an important medicinal plant amongst Aborigines, leaves were chewed for toothache and a liquid made from soaking the roots was used on open wounds and sores. Flowers from July to October. More information on Hop Bush at Plantnet.

Hop Goodenia

Hop Goodenia

Goodenia ovata 
Erect, bushy shrub to 1.5 metres.  Common in moist, sheltered gullies and rainforest margins on sandstone soils. More information on Hop Goodenia at Australian Native Plant Society.


Large-leaf Bush-pea

Pultenaea daphnoides
An erect shrub, common in sheltered, moist positions in sandstone woodlands. It is slender, growing to about 3 metres to 1.5 metres across. The yellow pea flowers have red centres and form dense clusters at the ends of the branches from August to November. Before they open they have obvious brown bracts protecting the bud. These fall off when the flower opens. Will grow well in most soil types and accepts reasonable shade. More information on Large-leaf Bush-pea at Plantnet.


Lemon-scented Tea-tree

Leptospermum polygalifolium
Graceful shrub to 2.5m, found in moist places in woodland on both clay and sandstone soils. Profuse white flowers, 1-2 cm in diameter, occur in late spring and summer. In cultivation it is suitable for most soils, requiring water during dry periods. Can be grown as a hedge or screening plant. Propagate from seed or cuttings. More information on Lemon Scented Tea-tree at Florabank.



Prostanthera ovalifolia
A medium to large sized shrub growing to 2.5m in height, found in sheltered valleys on sandstone. Foliage is aromatic and dark green on top with grey-green undersides. Large sprays of purple flowers are produced in Spring. In a good season the flowers can almost obscure the foliage. A fast growing shrub that prefers moist, well drained soils in a partly shaded position. More information on Mintbush at Wikipedia.


Myrtle Wattle

Acacia myrtifolia
Shrub to 1m common in sandstone woodlands. A distinctive feature is the reddish stems of the plant giving rise to the alternative common name 'Red-stemmed wattle'.  The pale yellow flower heads usually begin flowering in late Winter. In cultivation it responds to sunny, reasonably well drained positions in most soils. English settlers used the leaves as a hop substitute for making beer. More information on Myrtle Wattle at Plantnet.

Narrow Leaved Bottlebrush

Narrow-leaved Bottlebrush

Callistemon linearis 
This open shrub grows to 3m high and 3m wide. It is found in damp places in heath and woodland on both clay and sandstone soils. Requires full sun. Quick growing and attractive to birds such as Honey Eaters and Insect Eaters. Produces beautiful red flower spikes up to 11cm long from spring to early summer. More information on Narrow-leaved Bottlebrush at Plantnet.


Native Fuchsia

Correa reflexa
A variable small shrub up to 100cm high and wide. Found in sheltered, moist sites in woodlands on both clay and sandstone soils. It has a long flowering season, often beginning in autumn and persisting till late spring, producing a succession of flowers. An important nectar-source for local honey-eaters. Valuable features are the very long flowering season and security of the nectar source (the tubular flower prevents nectar from being diluted or washed out by rain). The flowers are particularly attractive to the New Holand Honeyeater, and Eastern Spinebill. More information on Native Fuchsia at Australian National Botanic Gardens.

Paperbark Tea Tree

Paperbark Tea-tree

Leptospermum trinervium 
Distinguished by its stout trunk, pendant branches and papery bark when older. This hardy large shrub can grow to 4m under the right conditions but will also respond well to pruning and makes a good hedge or screen plant. It is usually found in damp shrubby understories in woodlands on sandstone and is one of the most common tea-trees in the Sydney region. When crushed the leaves give off a strong eucalyptus smell. The flowers are white, to 15mm wide. The large clusters of flowers give a beautiful display from August to November. More information on Paperbark Tea-tree at Australian National Botanic Gardens.


Pink Spider-flower

Grevillea sericea
An upright shrub to 1.5 metres. The flowers are usually pink but can be a mauve colour. Flowers from July to November but it can have flowers at other times of the year. Found on mainly on sandstone soils in coastal regions of Sydney. Propagate from cuttings. More information on Pink Spider-flower at Wikipedia.


Prickly Moses

Acacia ulicifolia
Shrub to 3 metres in height but usually smaller. Common in dry woodland areas on both clay and sandstone soils. Leaves are narrow, rigid and spine-like to 20 mm long with a sharp point. The white or cream flowers occur in globular-shaped clusters from the axils of the phyllodes. Flowering is mainly in winter and spring. In cultivation this is a useful plant which is effective as an informal hedge where its prickly habit can deter access to particular areas and provide refuge for small birds. The plant is suited to a wide range of soil types provided they are reasonably well drained. A position in full sun or light shade is suitable. More information on Prickly Moses at Plantnet.


Prickly Tea-tree

Leptospermum juniperinum
Variable shrub to 3m, usually smaller, found in marshy areas in heathland. Flowers are white and occur in spring or early summer. In cultivation, Leptospermum juniperinum is a hardy plant that can tolerate drought conditions for extended periods. Prefers sunny conditions. More information on Prickly Tea-tree at Plantnet.


Red Spider-flower

Grevillea speciosa
Shrub to 3 metres, found in heath and woodland on sandstone soils. Red (or occasionally pink) flowers appear predominantly from late winter to late spring but appear sporadically throughout the year. In cultivation, Grevillea speciosa  prefers an open sunny position with a free draining and low phosphorous soil, is able to tolerate dry periods and responds well to regular pruning after flowering. More information on Red Spider Flower at Plantnet.


Rice Flower

Pimelea linifolia
Small, erect shrub to 1 m with linear leaves to about 15mm long. Found in heath and woodland on both clay and sandstone soils. Flowers occur in globular clusters at the ends of the branches and are usually white but very pale pink forms are sometimes seen. Can be difficult to maintain under garden conditions and, for best results, it should be propagated from clones native to the areas where it is to be grown. It is best planted in well drained soils in a protected position. More information on Rice Flower at Wikipedia.


Rough-fruit Pittosporum

Pittosporum revolutum
Rounded shrub to 3 metres by 2.5metres found in sheltered positions in a variety of habitats. Produces yellow flowers in spring that become orange fruits with red seeds in summer. In cultivation it is hardy in most soils but will respond well to composted soils. Likes full sun to semi-shade. More information on Rough-fruit Pittosporum at Plantnet.


Sickle-leaved Wattle

Acacia falcata
A tall shrub with an open growth habit, will reach a height of 2.5 to 4 metres. Found in woodland on both clay and sandstone soils. The phyllodes (leaves) are sickle-shaped and may be up to 18 centimetres long. The flowers are carried in globular heads and are pale yellow. Early winter is the flowering period. Prefers full sun and a well-drained position. They are reliably hardy though typically only living only 5 to 10 years. More information on Sickle-leaved Wattle at Plantnet.


Small-leaf Daisy Bush

Olearia microphylla
A small erect shrub to 1 metre common in woodlands. Produces white daisy flowers in spring. A hardy plant and will regenerate from seed in favourable garden conditions. Prefers an open sunny position. Will tolerate becoming dry to being constantly moist. More information on Small-leaf Daisy bush at Plantnet.


Snow Wreath

Woollsia pungens
An erect, open shrub usually less than 1m found in sheltered, damp places in heath and woodland on sandstone. The flowers are usually white but light to dark pink flowered forms are known. They are tubular, up to 10-14 mm long with spreading and slightly wrinkled petals and occur in a massed display along the branches. Flowering occurs mainly in late Winter and Spring. More information on Snow Wreath at Plantnet.


Straight Wattle

Acacia stricta
Open upright shrub 2-5metres tall, found in open forest on sandstone soils. Olive-green to grey-green in colour. Produces yellow flowers in spring. In cultivation it responds to sunny, reasonably well drained positions in most soils. Fast growing and tolerant of dry conditions. More information on Straight Wattle at Plantnet.


Sunshine Wattle

Acacia terminalis
A small, open shrub to 3 metres found commonly in sandstone heath and woodlands. The pale to bright yellow flowers occur in autumn to mid-spring. In cultivation it is an attractive garden plant that grows quickly and flowers within one or two years from seed. It is reliable in a range of soil. It flowers best in full sun or dappled shade. More information on Sunshine Wattle at Plantnet.


Sweet-scented Wattle

Acacia suaveolens
Open shrub to 2 metres, common in heath and woodland on both clay and sandstone soils.  Yellow clusters of flowers occur during winter and early spring. In its native habitat it is one of the earliest flowering of the wattles. The flowers and seed pods provide a food source for a variety of birds and invertebrates. Prefers full sun to semi-shaded areas, will tolerate periods of drought and most soil conditions. More information on Sweet-scented Wattle at Plantnet.


Thyme Honey-myrtle

Melaleuca thymifolia
Shrub to 1.5m found in damp places in heath and open forest on both clay and sandstone soils. The reddish young stems and blue-green foliage are spicily aromatic when bruised. Bears small clusters of stemless flowers, rich mauve in spring and summer and bluish-purple in early winter. Flowers often open eight months of the year, freely around late November and then slowly till autumn when another flush occurs. Flowering finally ceases towards mid-winter. In cultivation it thrives with little attention in any soil in part or full sun, and is usually free from pests and diseases. More information on Thyme Honey-myrtle at Plantnet.


Tick Bush

Kunzea ambigua
Medium shrub to 3m but quite variable. Common in heaths and scrubs on sandstone soils, quickly colonising cleared ground. Leaves are narrow, linear in shape to about 10 mm long. The white flowers are clustered into globular-shaped heads at the ends of the branches and are very profuse. Flowering occurs in spring and the flowers are followed by small fruits which release numerous small seeds when ripe. It is suitable for a range of soils, provided they are not waterlogged and grows well in sunny or lightly shaded positions. More information on Tick Bush at Wikipedia.


White Correa

Correa alba
A small shrub to about 1 metre high and slightly wider. Always found near the coast, often in exposed, hostile conditions. The white star flowers around 3cm wide are produced predominately through winter and spring but are sometimes seen at other times of the year. The leaves are blue green with a furry texture and are rounded in shape. In cultivation the white Correa flowers best in full sun but will also tolerate shade. It prefers well drained soil, is salt tolerant and therefore ideal for coastal areas. More information on White Correa at Plantnet.


White Spider-flower

Grevillea linearifolia
An upright, open shrub to three metres high found in dry heath and woodland. Flowers may be white, yellowish, cream, pink or lavender and they will appear over many months of the year. Prefers well-drained soils. Propagate from cuttings. More information on White Spider-flower at Plantnet.