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Blue Flax Lily

Dianella caerulea
A clump-forming perennial herb to 80cm found in woodland on sandstone. Will tolerate a wide range of conditions, preferring full sun and well-drained soil. Flowers and fruit appear over summer, the flowers varying in colour between light and dark blue to mauve, with fruit being a rich translucent purple or cobalt, releasing an indigo stain when squeezed. Very hardy and long-lived once established. More on Blue Flax Lily at Wikipedia.

Coast Geranium

Coast Geranium

Pelargonium australe 
A small perennial plant growing to a height and width of 50cm, usually forming a rounded bush. Prefers a sunny position, drought tolerant and will grow in any soil type. The pale pink or white flowers streaked with red occur on long stalks and in clusters. More information on Coast Geranium at Plantnet


Cockspur Flower

Plectranthus parviflorus
A weakly erect perennial herb to 60cm that grows quickly in moist shaded areas. Produces tiny white and bluish purple flowers on long spikes for most of the year. The flowers have a sweet scent and the plant exudes a menthol fragrance. Propagate from cutting. More on Cockspur Flower at Australian National Botanic Gardens


Creeping Speedwell

Veronica plebeia
Small matting plant with delicate violet flowers produced in late summer. Likes moist well drained soils in full sun to full shade. More about Creeping Speedwell at Plantnet


Cutleaf Cranesbill

Geranium solanderi
A slender creeping herb found in open forest on clay soils. Produces pale pink to white flowers in pairs during spring-summer. Similar to species Northern Cranesbill. More on Cutleaf Cranesbill at Australian National Botanic Gardens

Forest Pennywort

Forest Pennywort

Hydrocotyle peduncularis 
Ground covering herb common in sheltered, moist areas on sandstone soils. More information on Forest Pennywort at Plantnet.

Gotu Kola

Gotu Kola

Centella asiatica
A perennial herb creeping along the ground and rooting at leaf nodes. Its leaves are heart shaped to circular or kidney shaped. They may be slightly hairy and vary from 2-3cm in length. Flowers occur in small heads of three to four with small leaf-like bracts under the flower head. Petals are pink or white and overlap. Found on moist soils on clay or sandstone. More information on Gotu Kola at Wikipedia.


Kidney Weed

Dichondra repens
A low creeping herb common in moist, shady situations. It provides a dense cover to 10cm high. Preferred aspect is full sun to 80% shade. Useful for shaded areas, steep banks and other inaccessible positions. More on Kidney Weed at Plantnet


Lesser Joyweed

Alternanthera denticulata
A small, sprawling herb 20-50cm high found in wet areas on both clay and sandstone soils. More on Joyweed at Plantnet.

Native Violet

Native Violet

Viola hederacea 
A creeping, evergreen perennial, growing no more than 10cm in height. It will spread widely into a dense mat by trailing stolons that root out at the nodes. Leaves are a bright green in colour and kidney shaped. Purple and white flowers appear on erect stems mainly in warmer months of the year. Preferring a cool and shady position, it grows best in consistently moist soil. More information on Native Violet at Wikipedia.


New Zealand Spinach

Tetragonia tetragonioides
The stems and leaves of this spreading herb are covered with small, glistening, liquid-filled blisters. Its small, yellow flowers appear from August to December. Can be eaten as a green vegetable, cooked or raw. Captain James Cook found the plant growing in New Zealand and fed it to his crew as a fresh vegetable to help prevent scurvy. Sir Joseph Banks took seeds back to England, where the plant became a popular summer vegetable. More information on New Zealand Spinach at Wikipedia

Northern Cranesbill

Northern Cranesbill

Geranium homeanum 
A small herbaceous plant that grows in a sprawling fashion, with weak slender stems and thick fleshy rootstocks. The leaves may be purplish underneath. The pale pink regular flowers grow in pairs and are best seen in spring and early summer. Will grow in most soils conditions but prefers semi-shade. Similar species to Cutleaf Cranesbill. More information on Northern Cranesbill at Plantnet



Pomax umbellata
Small, spreading sub-shrub 20-40cm tall. Common in woodland on sandstone soils. More information on Pomax at Plantnet.


White Root

Pratia purpurascens
A small green leafy herb that grows to no more than 15cm, forming a dense ground-cover. The leaves are dark green, purplish on the underside, and finely toothed around the margins. The flowers, which are white to light purple in colour, are borne singly on slender stalks from summer to autumn. Grows well in damp places with plenty of shade. More information on White Root at Plantnet


Winged Lobelia

Lobelia alata
This small herb 10-50cm will produce tiny white to blue flowers for much of the year. Requires moist conditions with good drainage in shaded to heavy shaded conditions, or can be planted as an annual for spring flowering. More information on Winged Lobelia at Plantnet.


Woolly Xanthosia

Xanthosia pilosa
Woolly Xanthosia can sometimes be a small erect shrub, but more often is a straggling plant with branches less than 50cm. It grows best in sheltered areas on dry sandy soil. The hairy leaves of Woolly Xanthosia are usually up to 3 cm long. Leaf forms can vary widely. Tiny greenish yellow flowers, occurring from August to February are surrounded by small pale petal-like bracts. More information on Woolly Xanthosia at Plantnet