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Barbed Wire Grass

Cymbopogon refractus
Clump forming grass common in woodland on sandstone. Will grow happily in nutrient poor soils and is drought tolerant and long-lived. Similar in general appearance to kangaroo grass although the seed heads are more striking and interesting up close. Foliage has a pleasant lemony-resinous scent. More information on Barbed Wire Grass at Plantnet.


Basket Grass

Oplismenus aemulus
A trailing, scrambling perennial grass with hairy leaved blades. Excellent grass for shady moist areas. This grass provides food for adult butterflies and their larvae. May die back in winter. More information on Basket Grass at Plantnet.

Blown Grass

Blown Grass

Lachnagrostis filiformis
This erect annual clump forming grass grows to 80cm tall. Grows best in damp places on sandy or clay soils. It is called Blown Grass because the seed heads will break off in one piece and can be blown long distances. More information Blown Grass at Plantnet.  

Common Rush

Common Rush

Juncus usitatus 
A fast growing, long lived and very hardy rush that that enjoys a range of soils from moist to swampy. Common in disturbed areas. Foliage is dark green with golden brown tinge at base of stems, cylindrical leaves with brown branching clusters of flowers 5cm from the leaf tip from spring to autumn. Will tolerate periodic dry spells. More information on Common Rush at Australian National Botanic Gardens

Hedgehog Grass

Hedgehog Grass

Echinopogon caespitosus
This slender erect grass to 60cm high has a short, dense, bristly pale green seed head that is easily recognised. The stem is rough and sandpapery. Will tolerate hot overhead sun to warm low sun and can be allowed to dry out between watering. Common in woodland on sandstone and clay soils, it will grow in most soil conditions. More information on Hedgehog Grass at Plantnet

Kangaroo Grass

Kangaroo Grass

Themeda australis
A tufted perennial grass to 150cm in height. A common species on all soil types. Its leaves are green to grey drying to an orange brown in summer. The flowering period is from December to February. It produces distinct large red-brown spikelets, which occur on branched stems. Grows in full sun to part shade and is drought tolerant once established. More information on Kangaroo Grass at Plantnet


Nobby Club Rush

Isolepis nodosa
A fast growing perennial plant to 100cm, common in moist soils near the coast. Forms clumps with upright often arching, dark green stems. Brownish, globular flower heads are produced through the year. A tough, hardy, plant that thrives in full sun in a range of soils. Tolerates salty spray, waterlogged and saline soils. More information on Nobby Club Rush at Plantnet.


Plume Grass

Dichelachne crinita
A graceful, erect grass to 100cm with an attractive plume-like seedhead, common on sandy soils near the coast. Prefers full sun and has low water requirements with a preference for moist well drained soils. More information on Plume Grass at Plantnet.


Right-angle Grass

Entolasia marginate
A sprawling grass to 30-40cm with leaves sticking out at right-angles to the stem. Common in sheltered locations in forests on both sandstone and clay soils. More on Right-angle Grass at Plantnet.

Spear Grass

Spear Grass

Austrostipa ramosissima
A tall, branching tussock grass found in moist, well-drained gullies near forest or woodland margins. Reaching a height of two metres, plants form cane-like clumps with weeping seed heads from winter through spring to summer. A fast growing, long lived and very hardy grass species that will thrive in full sun or part shade and most soil conditions. More information on Spear Grass at Plantnet


Spiny-head Mat-rush

Lomandra longifolia
A perennial, rhizomatous herb to 1 metre in height, common in a wide range of habitats. The heavy-smelling nectar on flowers can attract pollinating beetles. Flowering in warm temperature (late winter/early spring), fruiting occurs 1-2 months after flowering. Although it prefers moist soils, its thick leaves and also the extensive root system help it tolerate dryness. More information on the Spiny-head Mat-rush at Australian National Botanic Gardens.


Tall Sedge

Carex appressa
A drought tolerant sedge 70-100cm in height, common in a range of habitats on both sandstone and clay soils. Has showy yellow seed heads in late spring. Can tolerate dry or damp conditions, and is a widespread native occurring in many parts of Australia. More on Tall Sedge at Plantnet.


Wallaby Grass

Austrodanthonia racemosa
An erect, tufted perennial grass 30-80cm tall, usually with long fine leaves 1-2mm wide that remain green all year round. The seedhead has a fluffy appearance when mature. Flowering from spring to autumn. Drought tolerant, it is common on clay soils. More on Wallaby Grass at Indigenous Flora and Fauna.


Weeping Grass

Microlaena stipoides
A small grass, common in woodland on both sandstone and clay soils. Typically grows to about 20cm high with flower heads reaching 30-40cm high. The foliage is distinctive with a soft, thin texture. The colour is usually a fresh, rich green, sometimes with a bluish tinge. The fine, weeping flowerheads are produced from late spring. More on Weeping Grass at Wikipedia.