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Bracken Fern

Pteridium esculentum
A hardy, erect fern with glossy leathery fronds (leaves) to 1.5m. Abundant in moist forest situations, and able also to colonise drier, sunny places. Grows from a long creeping rhizome (underground stem) 2-10 mm in diameter, which is densely covered with dark, red-brown hairs. The juicy young stems can be crushed and used to relieve insect bites. More information on the Bracken Fern at Wikipedia.

Downy Wood Fern

Downy Wood Fern

Christella dentata 
A fast growing species common on creek banks in and around rainforest areas. Forms small clumps 40-80cm tall. An effective weed suppressant in cultivation. A widespread plant in tropical and subtropical Australia, its range also extends to subtropical Africa. More information on Downy Wood Fern at Plantnet

False Brachen Fern

False Bracken Fern

Calochlaena dubia 
This graceful light green fern grows to 150cm and can form dense colonies. Prefers shaded, moist areas on sandy soils. More information on False Bracken Fern at Wikipedia.

Harsh Ground Fern

Harsh Ground Fern

Hypolepis muelleri 
An erect fern 30-100cm high, common along creeks and swamps in sandstone woodland. Despite its name it has soft fronds that are dark green and covered on both sides with a scattering of stiff hairs. Often forms a dense colony. More information on Harsh Ground Fern at Plantnet


Rasp Fern

Doodia aspera
A small fern to 35 cm with rough fronds, common in shady areas in open forest and rainforest margins forming extensive colonies. Its rhizome is small and covered with black scales. The new growth fronds are bright pink, making it an attractive species in cultivation. More information on the Rasp Fern at Plantnet

Rough Tree Fern

Rough Tree Fern

Cyathea australis
Usually 2.5-6m high, Cyathea australis is common in deep gullies and rainforests where it may sometimes attain a height of 20m. Adaptable to a variety of climates and soils, the Rough Tree Fern is so-named because of the adventitious roots, tubercles and hair-like follicles on its trunk. More information on Rough Tree Fern at Wikipedia

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Straw Tree Fern

Cyathea cooperi
The Straw Tree Fern is common throughout the Sydney area in gullies and rainforests, reaching a maximum height of 12m but generally much smaller. It has a slender trunk with distinctive "coin spots" where old fronds have broken off the trunk. The fronds are bright green and lacy and tend to be very fast growing.Tree-ferns grow best in high humidity and high soil moisture conditions. More information on the Straw Tree Fern at Australian National Botanic Gardens

Tender Brake

Tender Brake

Pteris tremula
A very attractive fast growing fern, with delicate lace fronds. Found amongst rocks in gullies and moist cliff-faces. Can tolerate sun, but prefers to have some protection and a moist environment. Grows to 120 cm and will form dense colonies. More information on Tender Brake at Wikipedia