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Native Mammals

Introduced Mammals

Australia Native Water RatAustralian Water Rat

Hydromys chrysogaster 
Well adapted to aquatic life with its webbed hind feet and waterproof coat, the Water-rat can be identified by its large size and long tail with a white tip.  They have a flattened head, long blunt nose, with abundant whiskers, small eyes and notably small ears. Colouring is variable: Near-black, grey to brown, with white to orange belly. They have thick, soft, waterproof fur.

Australian Water-rats are rare in the Leichhardt area.

More information on Australian Water Rats at the ABC website.

rattus-rattus-largeBlack Rat

Rattus rattus
A typical introduced Black Rat will be 15–20 cm long with a further 20 cm of tail. Despite its name, the Black Rat exhibits several colour forms. It is usually black to light brown in colour with a lighter underside. They are a nocturnal and omnivorous pest species, with a preference for grains and fruit. Black rats are agile climbers, often inhabiting roofs of houses. In a suitable environment they will breed throughout the year, with a female producing three to six litters of up to ten young. Social groups of up to sixty can be formed.

Black Rats are common throughout the Leichhardt area.

More information on Black Rats at Wikipedia.

common-brushtail-possum-largeCommon Brushtail Possum

Trichosurus vulpesula 
The Common Brushtail Possum is a large possum with bushy tail and pointed ears. Grey with a black band across the snout, it has a white to brownish-yellow belly. It is nocturnal and, during the day, retreats to a hollow log, branch, tree trunk or any dark area such as inside house roofs. Adults grow to nearly a metre long including tail.

Brushtail Possums are common in the Leichhardt area.

More information on Common Brushtail Possums at Wikipedia.


common-ringtail-possum-largeCommon Ringtail Possum

Pseudocheirus peregrinus 
The Common Ringtail Possum is grey-brown on the back with white underneath. Immatures are reddish brown. It has a long white tipped prehensile tail which can be used carrying nesting materials as well as for gripping branches when climbing. It has as two thumbs on each front foot to help with climbing. They can grow to around 70cm long including tail.

Although uncommon in the Leichhardt area, Ringtail Possums have been observed in Callan Park.

More information on Common Ringtail Possums at Wikipedia.


eastern-bent-wing-bat-largeEastern Bentwing Bat

Miniopterus schreibersii oceanensis
The Eastern Bent-wing Bat has chocolate to reddish-brown fur on its back and slightly lighter coloured fur on its belly. It has a short snout and a high 'domed' head with short round ears. The wing membranes attach to the ankle, not to the base of the toe. The last bone of the third finger is much longer than the other finger-bones giving the "bent wing" appearance. It weighs up to 20 grams, has a head and body length of about 6 cm and a wingspan of 30 - 35 cm.

Eastern Bent-wing bats have been observed locally, but it is not known whether they still inhabit the area. They are listed as a threatened species under the National Parks and Wildlife Act.

More information on Eastern Bentwing Bats at the NSW threatened species website.

european-red-fox-largeEuropean Red Fox

Vulpes vulpes
Adult red foxes range in weight from 3.6 to 7.6 kg. Head and body length is 46 to 90 cm (18 to 35 in), with a tail of 30 to 55 cm. This serious feral pest species is most commonly a rusty red, with white underbelly, black ear tips and legs, and a bushy tail usually with a distinctive white tip.

Locally, the European Red Fox is regularly observed at Callan Park and has been reported along the Hawthorne Canal. They are widespread but secretive creatures and not uncommon in inner urban areas.

Report sightings of foxes and fox impacts at Fox Scan.

More information on the European Red Fox at the PestSmart website.

grey-headed-flying-fox-ian-gethings-largeGrey-headed Flying Fox

Pteropus poliocephalus 
The Grey-headed Flying Fox has an average wingspan of over 1m and can weigh up to 1 kg. They are brown, with varying shades of grey on their head and back, and have an orange/brown mantle that fully encircles their neck.

The Grey-headed Flying Fox is common throughout the Leichhardt area.

More information on Grey-headed Flying Foxes at the Office of Environment & Heritage website.